Buildings, bridges, roads, canals, railways, and runways are all structures in civil engineering that require construction in part or wholesomely. Depending on the nature of the work to be done to raise these structures, there is the involvement of different construction procedures.
The procedures followed, and activities involved help classify the various construction projects that a business can undertake. This article defines the most common construction projects in civil engineering.
Water Engineering Projects
Water engineering requires the comprehension of the nature of water, water bodies, and its transport channels such as rivers and artificial waterways. This knowledge is then used to engineer structures and projects that help put the water into good use or manage the water to accommodate other constructions.
Simply put, a water engineering project manages the interaction between water and its surroundings. These projects range from the dam building, canals construction, sewerage structures laying, and drainage systems development.
Geotechnical Engineering Projects
Geotechnical engineering projects involve the exploration of soil and rocks to understand their interaction with other fields of civil engineering. Geotechnical engineers interact with different grounds, and their knowledge helps define a productive interaction between the earth and a project.
So, as long as a project interacts with the ground at some point (which is typically any construction project), geotechnics and heavy construction equipment will likely be required. Engineers here technically analyse the behaviour of rocks or soils, survey project sites, review construction proposals, and assess ground safety.
Structural Engineering Projects
As the name suggests, structural engineering involves creating the skeleton of structures as an early step of the construction process. Design is the first and essential step during the construction as it creates a blueprint of what to expect when coming up with the infrastructure piece.
Structural engineering projects are based on creating and maintaining high levels of sustainability, reliability, safety while observing a practical economic sense. Aesthetics is also a critical area of focus for structural engineering projects. Typical machinery used in this industry includes excavator hire, crane leasing and various ground equipment such as skid-steer loaders.
Environmental Engineering Projects
These projects revolve around the environment, especially where the environment is already at high risk and requires care to protect its resources. Environmental protection is done by identifying the problems and then coming up with constructive solutions to the issues. Environmental engineering is essential as it streamlines construction projects to ensure they preserve the environment.
Transport Engineering Projects
Transport engineering projects are concerned with the planning, designing, and monitoring the operation of transports systems. They are mostly aimed at creating fast, reliable, economically viable, and safe transport systems. The various transportation modes, including road, air, water, avail opportunities for such projects.
Civil engineers usually structure their creations around the client’s requirements and preferences while implementing a project. Some of the tasks performed in transport engineering projects include analysis of transport system designs and giving recommendations to other engineers.
Construction makes up a big part of civil engineering. It is a critical activity in the majority of the projects in and around civil engineering. This explains why most of the listed projects above require heavy machinery like excavator hire machinery so as to be accomplished.